You Are Here: Home, Facts about peru, Incas society

Custom Search within Peru Travel Confidential Website

Incas Society

The Incas society had only nobles and citizens. The Inca culture classifies their noble families, by the blood history of the family. During the Incas rule, it didn't matter the economic power of an Inca family. It matter who is your father, your mother or from where your family came from.

The Inca king was at the top of the pyramid of power. He had power over authorities in the city and other main territories. The leaders of these territories were calling Curacas. The Curacas had power over smaller territories and so on until the Ayllu boss. The Ayllu was the basic cell of the Incas society; it was a group of families that live together in community.

The core of the Incas culture success was the Ayllu; these people born in the same area and has family ties among them. The people that belong to an Ayllu work in community, sharing all benefits from their work; all they produce was split in three parts. First part was going to the Inca Temples to aid the religion class. The second part was going straight to the Inca king and the third part stay with the Ayllu.
  • 1
    • incas society
      This image explains you how the Incas share food, clothing and materials.
  • 2
    • yacon
      Carry on with a water container was heavy, so these roots were the perfect replacement.
  • 3
    • coca plant
      The coca plant is been around us for more than 6000 years.

The resulting third part that stays in the Ayllu was split among the community in equal amounts. Each Inca family ends with equal amount of food like any other. The community work and sharing policy of the Incas society was the reason of their success. Such behavior starts from the days when they were a simple Inca Tribe.

At the highest point of the Inca empire, they cover 3'000,000 Km', from the land that now is Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and part of Argentina. The Inca Civilization was the biggest and greatest culture ever exists in South America and it's among the biggest cultures of the world.

The Inca Government assigns to each man nearly 2700 m' of fertile ground. Each woman about 1400 m' and your kids will get the same amount of land, like a grown man or woman. Then, if you have more kids, you will have more land. When it was about agriculture work, the Incas society gives the men and women equal responsibilities. Simply because all the Incas economy was base on the agriculture; but at the end all the land belong to the Inca king.

To divide each piece of land, the Incas order to grow a plant call Yacon. The roots of this plant contain 98% of water and it taste a bit sweet. The reason of this special compulsory crop was for common daily use of the Incas society. They offer the roots to any person that passes by, from any social status; it was a great alternative of drinking water.

Like any other society, the Incas society has their own religion fanatics; they believe drink freshwater was a sin, and it was for two reasons. First, they believe the earth was a divinity and the water was his sister, so if you drink freshwater the gods may punish you. The solution was the Yacon plant; you can eat as many roots as you want until satisfy your thirst. Second; in those days, who drink freshwater had infections and some of them die. So the Inca Religion priests justify the death of this people, by saying, the gods had punish them for the offense of drinking water.

The Incas society didn't have a clear understanding of money; they owned large amounts of Inca Gold but they did not treat the gold as money. They base all their economy in trading products and work for work in within the community. The Incas descendants of the Peruvian highlands still apply the same community help basis like the Incas over 500 years ago.

The Incas society has three types of workers. First the Ayni; it was the name of the common Inca worker from any Ayllu community. Second, the Minka; they were temporary traveler workers; they went to work where they need them mainly in Inca Agriculture work. It was their duty to the king; they got in exchange food, drink and shelter during their period of service.

The third style of worker was the Minta. They were skillful workers taken from their communities for shorts periods of time and send around the kingdom to build roads, aqueducts and temples for the empire. The Inca Women that never come back to her Ayllu, were the ones chosen to serve at the temples.

The Inca people call Runas were at the bottom of the Incas society. The Runas have the reputation of been vulgar, drunk and low class people. The Incas did not practice the slavery. But in rare occasions, when the enemy had been merciless against the Inca Warriors, the Incas took war prisoners. Those prisoners become slaves for the royal family; these men, women and children were calling Yanaconas.
  • 1
    • peruvian shaman
      Peruvian people from the highlands still perform Inca religion ceremonies.
  • 2
    • community
      The community work was the key for the Incas empire success.
  • 3
    • incas concubines
      They select Inca women from all over the kingdom to become concubines for the king.

The Inca Rulers were aloud to have as many concubines as the Inca ruler want. The result was dozens or hundreds of kids. For example: the last Inca king Atahualpa had over 200 known children. The Incas society stipulate: the only Inca king descendants that could fight for the throne were the children born from the Inca king and his sisters. Because they believe in that way the royal blood will stay clean.

The History of The Incas is a wonderful example of greatness and mystery, but at the same time they were a merciless example of cruelty. For example: if you steal during the rule of the Incas, the Inca authorities will cut your hands. If it was something serious, they will cut your feed as well. Next, the Inca authorities will put you at the doors of the main cities to beg for food and as an example.

The punishments of the Inca authorities were trigger, if do not follow the Incas society laws: don't be lazy, don't lie and don't steal. The punishments for broken the laws were from cutting off your eyes, cutting parts of your body or push you from high cliffs, leaving your body without proper burial.

The people from the Incas society grow respecting everybody, with self discipline and healthy. But they also grow with oppression, brainwash and unbreakable merciless rules. The Inca people had an estrange cocktail of culture, knowledge and cruelty, that help them to create the most interesting old civilization of the world.
Share |

Subscribe to our Newsletter




Don't worry -- your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you the Peru Travel Confidential Newsletter. See back issues.

SBI Video Tour!