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Inca Tribe


The Incas born in the 1100 AD; the Inca tribe born in 1000 BC, both exists in the Huatanay valley, which is the real name of the valley of Cusco. This valley has been witness of more than 2000 years of evolution from the first nomads that walk these lands, crossing the first settlements of people. It has been centuries of invasions, wars and survival struggle. Giving as result, the first social cell that centuries after will became the Inca Culture.

The Peruvian archaeologist has been testing bones and ceramics with Carbon-14 for many years, trying to put together the puzzle of the Inca tribe past. Peruvian archaeologists have agreed the first sedentary settlement of people in the Cusco valley were the Markawallas. The word Markawallas, split in (Marka) that means town and (Wallas) that means mountains. Archeologists consider these settlements like the first rudimentary Inca People.
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    • second oldest inca tribe
      The Chanapata tribe develops a primitive agriculture and set the basis of the community work.
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    • first inca tribe
      The Markawallas travel around the highland searching for prey, they were disorganize and primitive.
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    • peruvian tribes
      Spears, bows and arrows were the main weapons for hunting.

The Markawallas known as the first Inca tribe specialize in agriculture and hunting small animals. They develop in the 1000 BC, about three kilometers from the city of Cusco. Archaeologist found rustic pottery with geometrical stylized and zigzag shapes; which is a clear characteristic of the Incas culture. Analyzing their pottery we can assume that, their religion practice was worshiping the jaguars and the lightning. As part of their religion they sacrifice llamas and alpacas.

The Markawallas evolve into the second oldest Inca tribe; they were the Chanapatas 800 BC. They improve their agriculture techniques and start to tamed guinea pigs and llamas. The Chanapatas were the first tribe to practice the agriculture mass production to share it among the community. Those were the first steps of socialism and first sense of a primitive Ayllu; word that in the future will mean the basic social cell of the Incas culture.

The Chanapatas grow and develop until the 350 AD. The investigators cannot decide what Inca tribe live in the Cusco valley from the 350 to the 600 AD. They know there were people living in the area, but they cannot decide if they still were the Chanapatas or a different tribe. What they do know is that in the 600 AD the Qotakalli tribe takes over the valley. They were the first tribe that implants a region states division

The 750 AD was a terrible time in the Inca tribe history, because the valley of Cusco was conquest by the Wari people. The Waris were not a tribe, they were a full develop culture born in the north coast of Peru. They owned nearly all the Peruvian coastline and part of the Andes. The Wari culture develops religious centers, cities and a simple road network, which we will know in the future as the Inca Trail.
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    • cultures that influence the incas
      It is believe the Incas culture born from the remains of this two wonderful cultures.
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    • inca tribe
      There are some remote places in the highlands of Peru were people still live in the same way for centuries.
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    • inca tribe history
      During the early stages of the Incas culture hunting was the main source of food.

The Wari culture exists from the 500 to 1200 AD. During the years of its decadence in the 1100 AD; the survivors and already strong Inca tribe, fight against them and expel them from the Cusco valley. It's the moment in history, where the Inca culture born. It's not clear what happened next, but it was the first step to create the future Inca Empire.

The Inca tribe has a second great culture that influences them. They were the Tiahuanaco culture; some investigators believe the Tiahuanaco culture is the mother of all the pre Incas cultures. They exist from the 1500 BC until the 1200 AD. Their territory was from the Titicaca lake, part of Bolivia, south tip of the Peruvian territory and the north area of Chile. They develop great constructions, astronomical knowledge, they were the first ones to use copper for weapons and they master the agriculture.

From the 500 to 1200 AD; the Wari culture and the Tiahunaco culture live together, exchanging knowledge and culture. Surprisingly both cultures collapse nearly at the same time. It's not clear if the growing Inca tribe, future to become Inca culture, has something to do with the collapse of these two great civilizations. Undoubtedly, the first Inca people use the Wari and the Tiahunaco culture as examples, to create the great Inca empire that we know today.
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