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Inca Culture


The real name of the Inca culture is the Quechua culture. It's important to clarify that Inca or Sapan Inca was the name of the king, the emperor or supreme authority of the kingdom. Quechua was the Incas language and based in the name of the language that they spoke; the real name of the Incas culture should be, the Quechua culture. The original way to spell Quechua was, Queswa.

The Queswa culture or Inca culture for us, born in the 1100 AD. They were a simple Inca Tribe, where everything belongs to the Inca king. Work for the kingdom was compulsory and one third of what your work produce has to be offer to the Inca king. The Inca government shares all products around the kingdom providing food to the hungry and clothing to the people that need it. They also provide health, agriculture technology, hydraulics and all necessary materials to improve the living conditions of the families that work for the Inca king.
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    • queswa culture
      It's not proof yet but some investigators believe the Incas had more than 1050 rulers.
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    • inca reciprocity
      The religion was the common ground among the people and it was use to control them.
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    • inca authority
      The Inca authorities responsibility was to make sure the Inca laws were apply always.

The Inca culture model was clear and simple; it was a free of hunger society. They offer protection to the communities. The Hatunruna or standard citizen knew that he and his family will receive help in case of natural disasters. He knew that all his basic needs were guarantee by the Inca government. The advance Inca Agriculture, the great administration and the evolve Incas society; were the reasons of why they were so quickly accept.

The success of the Inca culture was because the Incas keep a reciprocity agreement with the tribes recently add to the Inca kingdom. It means the Incas respect the traditions, possessions, religion and even authorities of the conquered tribes. The tribes assume the compromise to respect the Inca Ruler as their king, adapt to the new laws and religion, and learn the Quechua language. They also have to learn new technology that would help them to defeat poverty and create a sustainable economy.

The Inca culture makes everyone believe that work was important because it was the way to gain happiness and welfare. The Incas were the first to practice social welfare. The Inca government collect food for the Inca king, then they dehydrate it and store it in Tambos; the Tambos were cylindrical stone towers, use to store dry food. The Tambos were strategically place all over the kingdom; for easy access in case of natural disasters. Be part of the Inca kingdom was synonymous of social security and stability.

The Inca culture preaches three laws: Ama Sua (do not steal), Ama Llulla (do not lie) and Ama Quella (do not be lazy). The three laws were the pillars of a strict, moral and discipline society. There are records of nine secondary crimes; in most occasions they were punish with death. Though in few cases a severe warning was apply and if they repeat the crime, the law was apply and they kill them immediately.

The Inca culture secondary crimes were: crimes of status (trying to replace local authorities or violating its authority), against majesty (try to injure the god sun). Against religion (worship more the local god than the Inca god), against the administration (not respect court rulings, evading military service). Against the duties of work (receiving bribes, favors treatment to your family, not strictly enforcing the Inca laws).
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    • inca home
      If you pay attention to the Inca buildings, you will see that they did not have doors.
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    • inca social welfare
      The Inca community work still a standard way of cooperation in the Peruvian highlands.
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    • tambo inca
      The large conical containers call Tambos, used by the Incas to collect dry food, still stand all over Peru.

Against the charge (not work the lands of the Inca god, the Inca king or religious parties), against property (ownership of livestock, clothes or other property that belong to others). And finally against life and health (murder, adultery, lack of care and cleaning of your home).

The Inca culture authorities force the people to have the doors of their homes open during the daytime. It was the method the Incas authorities use to guarantee the respect of all Inca laws and secondary laws. Even that this laws sounds terrible; the Incas try to bring a message of peace and positive example of culture. The Incas culture brings stability and security to their lives. New tribes accept the Incas preach easily because they offer immediately benefits and an interesting social evolution.

The Inca culture born in 1100 and end in 1533 AD. Unbelievably they became the empire that we know during the last 130 to 200 years before its destruction. During its expansion they occupied effectively about 2'600,000 square kilometers and had cultural influence in more than four million square kilometers. Peruvian archaeologist have no idea of how many people live under the rule of the Inca empire, but it is believe they were about 9 million people. Thought, unofficial investigations talk about a surprisingly 32 million people.
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