The Inca pyramids have no relation with Egyptian or Mayas pyramids. So, why they looks alike? The answer is simple; they found identical solution to the same problem. The problem was how to build a huge and high building with soft materials like mud? The answer was a pyramidal form, because is the logical construction solution for a building with multiple levels and no skeleton.
The Egyptians build pyramids for specific burial purposes. The Incas build pyramids for various purposes; plus the Incas build hundreds of them all over the kingdom. The Inca pyramids build by the Incas were call Huacas. The word Huaca is use to define a religious or important ceremony place. For example, the Incas may call Huaca a river, mountain or tree; as long as it was believe there lives some deity or ancestor.
The Incas use mud bricks of clay, mixed with dry straw of corn plant, as binding material, to build their Inca pyramids. When the Inca people found a pyramidal complex build by other culture, they build their own Inca Temples on top of them. Some of these old pyramids go from 10 meters up to 50 meters high. The pyramids were use for political and administrative purposes, just like a town hall, where the local authorities live and manage the community.
All Inca cities have their pyramidal religious centers, right on the middle of the city. The Inca government main target was to build as many pyramids as possible, because they need to use religion to keep control of the population. The local Inca Religion priest main responsibility was to keep control of the population and administrate the wealth of the community.
Some Inca pyramids were use specifically for human sacrifices, the human sacrifices were a lot more common before the Incas. During the Inca empire, the practice of human sacrifices happens occasionally. In most of the cases, the human sacrifices happened to peaceful the gods, show respect to the Inca Gods or to punish hostage enemies.
Some pyramids were design for specifically astronomical purposes. We know this today, because archaeologist found flat stone areas, with many large flat holes. The Incas fill up the holes with water, next a priest look the water and see the sky reflecting on the water. It’s how they could follow the moves of the stars. This style of Inca pyramids were build all over the kingdom, as a community clock and Inca Calendar.
The Egyptian pyramids and the Incas pyramids do have something in common. What they have in common is the curse that goes to the treasure hunters that open the sacred burial pyramids. The entire world knows about the curse of the Egyptians pyramids, but no one knows about the Incas curse.
The Inca pyramids curse story, begins with the looting of an Inca pyramid in the north of Peru. Ten men take part in the looting; they found pottery and gold artifacts, that rapidly sale for ridiculous prices. Months after they start to die in estrange accidents. The police found the last two of them alive and when they were about to be capture, they start to run. The police shot them to the legs as warning to stop running and in that precisely moment, they felt down and the bullets kill them instantaneously.
Peru has several hundreds of Inca pyramids all over around the country. Many of them are suffering heavy erosion by action of the rain and wind. The Peruvian government is trying to keep track of all of them, classify them and protect them from treasure hunters. It’s sad to know that only the 20 percent of known pyramids are under Peruvian government protection, the rest face their own luck against time and nature.
The Inca pyramids in Lima city are a good example of how abandon they are. Lima city had grown so fast that the Peruvian government could not stop the attack of the lands surrounding the pyramids. It is sad to see houses, full-size towns and highways passing by, if not cutting a piece of the pyramids. The local governments think the pyramids slow down the progress of their communities, it’s unbelievable but it’s true.
It’s a huge relief to know, that at list the biggest pyramids are under Peruvian government control. Specially, the ones that are place in residential and tourist areas. Many young Peruvian archaeologists are trying by themselves to develop a popular consciousness and understanding of conservation of the pyramids. Because at the end, the Inca pyramids and Peruvian history, it’s what we have left from whom we were ones.